Spirochetes called Borrelia Burgdorferi can be transmitted to the body by a tick bite. Often there are no complications with the infection and it can be eliminated or controlled by a strong immune defence mechanism. If the immune defence is not strong enough, the infection can trigger Lyme Borreliosis. The most important pathogens of Lyme Borreliosis are Borrelia Burgdorferi, Borrelia Garinii and Borrelia Afzelii, which are closely related to the Syphilis pathogen Treponema Pallidum.
Furthermore, it is also possible that the same tick bite will transmit other pathogens in addition to Borrelia Burgdorferi. Examples include Bartonella, Babesia, Ehrlichia and Rickettsia.
Due to the variety of combinations of infections which may exist, Lyme Disease can present in a number of seemingly unrelated ways with few unique defining symptoms. It therefore may be easily overlooked when diagnosing patients. This situation is exacerbated with the poor sensitivity and selectivity of locally available test regimes. Testing overseas is the best practice method to ensure the most accurate result possible for you or your patient.